A geographic information system is a computer system which can help individuals and organizations better understand spatial patterns and relationships by relating seemingly unrelated data. It is used by a number of different sectors.
Determining the optimum site location for retail outlets, manufacturing plants etc. is a key function of geographic business analysis. This uses demographics such as income, population breakdown etc. to target geographic product preferences and marketing campaign strategies.
It helps you to record a base map with a geospatial referencing system.
A Few of the Advantages of GIS Applications –
- It provides effective and better decision making about the location which is strategic to the success of an organization.
- It helps to enhance communication between departments, professional fields, organizations and the public.
- It can provide a strong framework for managing systems with full transaction support and reporting tools.
- It leads to cost savings and has definitely improved customer service, reducing the number of return visits.
GIS Mapping Services:
The mapping and analysis of environment covers a broad range of services using geospatial data, such as:-
- Mapping and analyzing land usage relative to geographic features
- Identifying and mapping the best lands for species habitat conservancy.
- Choosing the best lands for agricultural purchase. Also, development in a region based on a number of geographic selection criteria etc.
- Preparing maps of species distribution, soil types and analyzing zoning, terrain, vegetation.
Geopolitical and Community Mapping:
It involves the preparation of reference maps to show the geospatial distribution of specific features in a selected area including:-
- Area of government facilities, hospitals and emergency facilities etc.
- Location and area covered by school districts, city wards.
- Geopolitical and community mapping and Geospatial relationship between districts
The Services Offered In Infrastructure Mapping:
It involves establishing accurate coordinate locations of point features of a network. This includes electric transfer stations and towers and the lines that connect them to a power grid and creating databases. From this, reference maps and lookup tables can be produced.
Such Databases and Reference Maps Are Typically Produced For:
- Electric power grids showing the location of transfer stations and power towers. Also, poles, transmission lines and property boxes.
- Communication networks showing the location of cell phone and communication towers.
- Water and Sewer Systems displaying the location of pumping stations and treatment plants.
- Pedestrian networks showing the location of sidewalks, traffic lights and crosswalks.
- Natural Gas distribution networks indicating the location of pumping stations, pipelines and customer points.
The GIS Mapping and Analysis of Transportation:
This includes location and hierarchy of roads, rail lines, airports to complex maps combining reference and thematic maps. It may help with services such as:
- For preparing reference maps of transit networks showing the location of routes, stations and stops.
- For creating combined thematic maps analyzing the source, and route pattern of commuter traffic from survey data.
- Creating combined thematic maps analyzing the source and creating a distribution network and channel.
- Developing thematic maps analyzing accident rates, traffic patterns.