Medical is one of the most important sectors not only in terms of technological growth but as a life savior. The advancements are very rapid and are giving new ways with which solving critical health issues are even possible. One of the major advancement is bioprinting which has emerged as a boon in tissue engineering and the advancement is completely oriented towards reconstructing and restoring the damaged tissues and organs too. A number of bioprinting technologies have been developed in the recent years and are well utilized for the various applications in real life. Bioprinting includes various methods of scaffolds fabrications to replicate certain tissues, vessels, heart valves, etc.
There are a number of technologies which are include in bioprinting, few of those are listed below:
- Jetting-based bioprinting
- Extrusion-based bioprinting
- Integrated bioprinting
There are different approaches used for bioprinting applied to in the sector of tissue engineering and they are bomimicry, autonomous self-assembly, and micro tissue-based method. To know more about the above mentioned approaches, continue reading.
In biomimicry each component of the native tissue is replicated as it is but is not a simple task, it includes a number of aspects to consider along with the procedure, such as temperature, pressure, and other electrical forces. To regulate each and every environmental aspect it is necessary to have a proper hold and combination of mechanical, chemical, and electrical variables.
In this approach our medical sector zeal to replicate the embryonic structural and environmental structure and the end goal of this procedure is to create identical embryologic anatomy. Development of these discrete units is done with an objective of self-development of tissues with the help of embryologic anatomy.
With the help of microtissue bioprinting approach vivo tissues are composed. This procedure is mainly utilized when a number of minor tissues are required to combine together to form the final target tissue. In this procedure most of the investigators get puzzled with the term microtissues and macrotissues. Macrotissues is used to determine the fully developed tissues and distinguish it from minor ones.