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India Plans ‘Drastic Reduction’ of Oil Imports From Iran as US Tells Delhi to re-think Ties With ‘Next North Korea’

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According to a Reuters report, the oil ministry has asked refiners to prepare for a ‘drastic reduction or zero’ imports of Iranian oil from November. The report cited industry sources saying that India, the biggest buyer of Iranian oil after China, will be forced to take action to protect its exposure to the US financial system.

India’s reaction to the Trump administration’s warning against import of oil from Iran came on a day the US Ambassador to the UN, Nikki Haley dubbed Iran as a “threat” and “the next North Korea”, and said that New Delhi should rethink its ties with Iran and that she had taken up the issue during her conversation with Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

The US has told India and other countries to cut oil imports from Iran to “zero” by November 4 or face sanctions, making it clear that there would be no waivers to anyone.

“We have seen the statement made by the State Department official on this matter. The statement was not India-specific and applies to all countries. India will take all necessary steps, including engagement with relevant stakeholders to ensure our energy security,” Spokesperson in the Ministry of External Affairs Raveesh Kumar said at a media briefing.

Earlier in the day, the government and industry officials said India was looking at slashing oil imports from Iran and replacing them with more purchases from Saudi Arabia and Kuwait and has asked its oil firms to prepare a blueprint of alternatives sources.

Iran is India’s third-largest oil supplier after Iraq and Saudi Arabia. Iran supplied 18.4 million tonnes of crude oil between April 2017 and January 2018 (first 10 months of fiscal 2017-18).

Haley, who is on a three-day visit here, said India should reconsider it’s relationship with Tehran in the wake of that country’s violations of various UN resolutions.

“All of us have to rethink who we choose to do business with. I think as a friend India should also decide is this a country they want to continue doing business with? So, yes, I had that conversation with PM Modi,” she told NDTV in an interview.

“It was a constructive conversation. I think for the future of India, future of resources, we would encourage them to rethink their relationship with Iran,” she said.

Separately, in an address at a think-tank, Haley said the US would continue to try and work with its partners and allies to make sure that Iran was being pushed to be a good, accountable international neighbour.

She said the US strongly believes that Iran is a “threat” and it cannot take its eyes off the country.

 

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Cyber Security

Why It Is Important To Have Cyber Security?

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Cyber Security

Cyber security conference is vital and essential for the business and for each of us, exclusively, in light of the fact that they unite the group. Besides, regularly goads subsequent to having an important exchange with a companion or a coach, or in the wake of being a piece of a discussion on your most loved point in the field of data security.

Sharing learning, making inquiries and meeting remarkable experts is just a portion of the exercises you can participate in at such an occasion. This is the reason we set up together a rundown of probably the most significant Cyber security meetings around the globe, so you can utilize it as a manual for locate the right one for you.

System blackouts, information traded off by programmers, PC infections and different episodes influence our lives in ways that reach from awkward to life-debilitating. As the quantity of portable clients, computerized applications and information systems increment, so do the open doors for misuse.

What is Cyber Security?

Cyber security is the protection of internet-connected systems, including hardware, software and data, from cyber attacks. In a computing context, security comprises cyber security and physical security — both are used by enterprises to protect against unauthorized access to data centers and other computerized systems.

Cyber security conference, additionally alluded to as data innovation security, concentrates on ensuring PCs, systems, projects and information from unintended or unapproved access, change or devastation.

Why is Cyber Security Important?

Governments, military, organizations, budgetary foundations, healing centers and different organizations gather, process and store a lot of private data on PCs and transmit that information crosswise over systems to different PCs. With the developing volume and modernity of digital assaults, progressing consideration is required to ensure touchy business and individual data, and also shield national security.

While fast innovative improvements have given limitless zones of new open door and potential wellsprings of proficiency for associations of all sizes, these new advancements have likewise carried remarkable dangers with them. Digital security – characterized as the assurance of frameworks, systems and information in the internet – is a basic issue for all organizations. Digital security will just turn out to be more imperative as more gadgets, ‘the web of things’, get to be associated with the web.

This article acquaints you with some of these dangers, including digital wrongdoing, digital war, and digital fear, and clarifies the safeguards you ought to take against them.

Cyber threat discovery and reaction is created with difficulties. Most contemporary arrangements concentrate on alarm situated information produced by guideline based discovery frameworks. These alarms are hard to organize, be that as it may, on the grounds that the frameworks giving them give little data about the setting of a caution, the article it’s cautioning on, and what that item identifies with.

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Why Maritime Cyber-security is Important And How to Establish It?

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cyber security

Cyber security threats have grown in reach and complexity. … With multifaceted vulnerabilities and cyber-attack scenarios (intended or unintended), the answer to cyber security lies in a multifaceted approach to manage risks.The National Security Agency (NSA) has brought to light several revelations in the recent years that have hinted at various international malware attacks. Despite this, ship owners and managers belonging to the maritime industry are still not treating as a top priority. While it is true that they are far from the biggest targets of cyber attacks, any attack has the potential to cause serious harm and should be protected against. Below, we present two examples of past cyber attacks on the maritime industry and the consequences thereafter.

Incidents of Maritime Cyber Security Breaching

1. The Port of Antwerp

A drug-smuggling gang hired hackers to breach the digital tracking systems of a ship and locate drug-filled containers. The smugglers were then able to dispatch their own drivers and retrieve these containers by sending then ahead of the scheduled collection time.

Fortunately, the severity of the situation was easily seen and with due cooperation, the authorities shut down the smuggling ring within 2 years. Although the maritime companies involved did not suffer any lasting damage, according to security experts, the damage could have been far greater and the companies were extremely fortunate. These criminals could have gained access to and manipulate a vessel’s AIS, giving the impression vessels were in false locations or making phantom structures or vessels appear. The damage could have easily been severe and irreparable.

2. The Hacking of a Drilling Rig

Our second incident of breaching occurred when the maritime internet on a drilling rig was compromised and operations were forced to suspend. Furthermore, during this incident, hacker were able to eliminate an entire database of cargo information associated to a container line. All sorts of crucial information like container location, place of origin, and contents were removed from the system.

Although there have been a number of reported instance of cyberattacks in the maritime industry, there is a remarkable lack of transparency on the issues, as companies involved attempt to hush up their involvement. Thus far, neither the names of companies attacked have been reported, nor have companies come forward with information about the attacks. To date, we are still unsure who has been affected. Of course, this is to be expected as news of cyberattacks related to a company can severely affect trust in their brands. However, this lack of transparency severely hampers attempts to help secure the industry from future attacks.

What Should Maritime Industry Companies Do?

Ultimately, whether a company name gets exposed or not might not be as important as a leak of confidential information from a hacking. Protecting one’s self and one’s customers must take precedent over all else. Therefore, although maritime internet security is not traditionally a sexy issue, it needs to be discussed out in the open and acted upon. The following are some of the preventive measures that concerned companies, ship owners, and managers should take:

  • Raise awareness of the cyberattack issues at the executive level
  • Adopt good “cyber hygiene” in order to dissuade opportunistic attacks
  • Prevent accidental security compromises, develop and implement proper IT policies and maintain a top-down approach
  • Regularly backup data
  • Maintain strong user access controls
  • Set strong network access controls
  • Update all software constantly
  • Train employees to recognize cyberattacks and seek immediate support to prevent losses
  • Develop strong policies regarding external computer storage, such as USB memory sticks and other external drives.

Though few and simple, most companies do not maintain these kinds of cyber policies, though just these would be extremely effective in securing maritime networks from cyber attacks. Often, many attacks and opportunities arise from human error and poor standard procedures on that lead to lapses in judgement. These few simple rules may make ultimately make the difference to your company in the future.

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Artificial Intelligence

AI robots will solve underwater infrastructure damage checks

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Robots will be paired with a versatile AI that can quickly adapt to unpredictable conditions when examining underwater infrastructure.

Some of a nation’s most vital infrastructure hides beneath the water. The difficulty in accessing most of it, however, makes important damage checks infrequent.

Sending humans down requires significant training and can take several weeks to recover due to the often extreme depths. There are far more underwater structures than skilled divers to inspect them.

Robots have been designed to carry out some of these dangerous tasks. The problem is until now they’ve lacked the smarts to deal with the unpredictable and rapidly-changing nature of underwater conditions.

Researchers from Stevens Institute of Technology are working on algorithms which enable these underwater robots to check and protect infrastructure.

Their work is led by Brendan Englot, Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Stevens.

“There are so many difficult disturbances pushing the robot around, and there is often very poor visibility, making it hard to give a vehicle underwater the same situational awareness that a person would have just walking around on the ground or being up in the air,” says Englot.

Englot and his team are using reinforcement learning for training algorithms. Rather than use an exact mathematical model, the robot performs actions and observes whether it helps to attain its goal.

Through a case of trial-and-error, the algorithm is updated with the collected data to figure out the best ways to deal with changing underwater conditions. This will enable the robot to successfully manoeuvre and navigate even in previously unmapped areas.

A robot was recently sent on a mission to map a pier in Manhattan.

“We didn’t have a prior model of that pier,” says Englot. “We were able to just send our robot down and it was able to come back and successfully locate itself throughout the whole mission.”

The robots use sonar for data, widely regarded as the most reliable for undersea navigation. It works similar to a dolphin’s echolocation by measuring how long it takes for high-frequency chirps to bounce off nearby structures.

A pitfall with this approach is you’re only going to be able to receive imagery similar to a grayscale medical ultrasound. Englot and his team believe that once a structure has been mapped out, a second pass by the robot could use a camera for a high-resolution image of critical areas.

For now, it’s early days but Englot’s project is an example of how AI is enabling a new era for robotics that improves efficiency while reducing the risks to humans.

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